India has a long history of religious pluralism and inter-communal harmony, in which conflict was rarely drawn sectarian lines. However, a current of Hindu nationalism in the political sphere has left minorities feeling isolated, and world leaders have expressed concern about the country "splitting along religious lines."
1The landslide election victory of the BJP in 2014 has emboldened a rising current of Hindu nationalism, based on an ideology that characterises India as a nation with a fundamentally Hindu character.
2India’s religious minorities, in particular Muslim and Christian communities, feel threatened by this ‘majoritarian’ trend, which has manifested itself in major ‘reconversion’ campaigns by Hindu nationalist groups and attacks on places of worship.
3The BJP’s domestic agenda is reflected in India’s now-revitalised foreign and regional policy, which is focused on presenting India as a major civilisation on the world stage.