The Southern Mobility Movement or al-Hiraak is an umbrella political organisation active in the southern governorates of the Republic of Yemen which roughly correspond to the lands of the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.
It has its roots in the 1994 civil war, after which President Saleh's regime fired southern army officers, teachers and civil servants. After more than a decade of neglect and underdevelopment in the south, the Hiraak emerged in 2007 as a peaceful protest movement made up mostly of the dismissed officers and teachers. By the time of the 2011 youth uprising the Hiraak became the principal organisation for southern political expression, and its major demand was secession and the reinstatement of the former southern state. Over the years the movement has been plagued by the lack of effective leadership and a uniform position, especially in relation to the developing political transition in Sana'a. Some of its representatives attended the National Dialogue Conference, whilst others boycotted it.