Buddhism


Definition

Buddhism

The data shows the percentage of Buddhists by country for the year 2010. Also displayed are sub-religions of Buddhism: Lamaism, Mahayana and Theravada, as a percentage by country for the same year.

For display purposes the data shows the major religions, displayed as a percentage (over 1 percent) by country. Countries where data is less than 1 percent are shown in grey.

Data Definition:

Buddhists: Followers of the Buddha, mostly across Asia, including three main traditions: (a) Mahayana (Greater Vehicle); (b) Theravada (Teaching of the Elders); (c) Tibetan (Lamaists); plus (d) traditional Buddhist sects, but excluding neo-Buddhist new religions or religious movements. 

Buddhists: Lamaists - Followers of one of Buddhism's 3 major traditions, Lamaism. Also called Tantrayana, or the Tantrism school of Buddhism.

Buddhists: Mahayanists - Followers of one of Buddhism's 3 major traditions, Mahayana. Considered the Greater Vehicle school, or Northern Buddhism (China, Japan).

Buddhists: Theravadins - Followers of one of Buddhism's 3 major traditions, Theravada. Also called The Teaching of the Elders or the Hinayana school of Buddhism; Southern Buddhism (in Sri Lanka, India, Burma Thailand, Cambodia, Laos).

Data Source: Todd M. Johnson and Brian J. Grim, eds. World Religion Database (Leiden/Boston: Brill, August 2014) / World Religion Database: Standard names and definitions for top-level religions and sub-religions, November 2014.

Data Methodology: Read more on the specific methodology and definitions for this data at the World Religion Database.