Human Rights Treaties


Definition

Human Rights Treaties

The data shows the status of ratification of the 18 international human rights treaties and optional protocols.

For display purposes the data shows: Very dark green (15-18 human rights treaties ratified), Dark green (10-14 ratified), Light green (5-9 ratified), Very light green (0-4 ratified). Countries with no data available are shown in grey.

Data Source: The data is produced by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) based on data obtained from and regularly updated by the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, which has the mission to, inter alia, register and publish treaties, and to perform the depositary functions of the Secretary-General.

Data Definition: The indicator refers to the expression by the State of its consent to be bound by a human rights treaty under international law. A "State party" to a treaty is a State that has expressed its consent, by an act of ratification, accession or succession, and where the treaty has entered into force (or a State about to become a party after formal reception by the United Nations Secretariat of the State's decision to be a party). A "signatory" to a treaty is a State that provided a preliminary endorsement of the instrument and its intent to examine the treaty domestically and consider ratifying it. "No action" means that a State did not express its consent.

When a State ratifies one of the international human rights treaties, it assumes a legal obligation to implement the rights recognized in that treaty. Through ratification, States undertake to put in place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations. The State also commits to submitting regular reports on how the rights are being implemented to the monitoring committee set up under that treaty. Most of the committees can, under certain conditions, receive petitions from individuals who claim that their rights under the treaties have been violated. The State party must have recognized the competence of the committee to consider such complaints from individuals either by becoming a party to an optional protocol or by making a declaration to that effect under a specific article of the treaty.

Data Year: The data is for 2014 and was downloaded on 10 December 2014.

Data Periodicity: The data is updated by the OHCHR at least every six months.

For further information please see here.

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)