The Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), also known as the Pakistani Taliban) was created in 2007. It is essentially an umbrella organisation loosely uniting up to 30 groups of Pakistani militants along the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan, each of them aiming to establish local spheres of Sharia rule.
The TTP is today the deadliest among Pakistani militant outfits, now operating from the Afghan side of the border, pushed there by the Pakistani army. The Tehreek Nifaz-e-Shariat Mohammadi and the TTP had formed an alliance in the aftermath of the Red Mosque siege in 2007, and the TTP has become the face of the insurgency.
After the death of Hakimullah Massud in 2013, Maulana Fazlullah was chosen by the TTP leadership to be their new chief.