Patani


Definition

Patani

The ancient sultanate of Patani was only formally incorporated into Siam (now Thailand) in 1909, under a treaty signed with Britain. During the twentieth century Buddhist-majority Thailand successfully assimilated various other territories into a shared "Thai" identity, but Patani has been the focus of long-standing, intermittent resistance to rule from Bangkok, and much of the population has remained deeply attached to an older national identity as a Malay state.

Duncan McCargo. Professor of Political Science