Assessing Fragile States in 2014
18 Jul 2014
The Fragile States Index 2014, recently released by the Fund for Peace, finds that South Sudan is the most fragile state in the world, overtaking Somalia for the first time in six years.
The Fund for Peace, an independent, non-profit research and educational organisation that works to prevent violent conflict and promote sustainable security publishes the Fragile States Index annually. This year's report was released on 24 June 2014.
The 2014 Fragile States Index, the tenth edition of the annual Index, comprises data collected between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013. The ranking of 178 nations is based on their levels of stability and the pressures they face and from the Fund for Peace's comprehensive assessment tool, which, among many others, includes factors such as pressures and measures related to ethnic, communal, sectarian and religious violence. This year the Index also looks at trend analysis of fragile states since it was first published 10 years ago.
- South Sudan climbs to the top of the Fragile States Index 2014 replacing Somalia;
- The most-worsened country for 2014 is the Central African Republic
- Syria is the second most-worsened country for 2014 and now ranks further down the fragile end of the Index. After ranking 48th as recently as 2011, Syria now finds itself at 15th;
- Libya is the third most-worsened country for 2014;
- Despite concerns, particularly about its nuclear program, Iran is the most-improved nation in 2014;
- The ten years of FSI data shows that in the period since 2006, the greatest gains have been made by Bosnia-Herzegovina and Indonesia;
- The most-worsened countries looking at the long-term trends are Libya, Senegal, Mali, Guinea Bissau, the Central African Republic and Syria;
- Sierra Leone has seen improving fortunes. In 2005 the country was ranked in the top 10 fragile states, but this year (2014) it has become the first country ever to exit the "Alert" category.
At the top end of the Index:
Very High Alert
1. South Sudan
3. Central African Republic
4. Congo, Democratic Republic
14. Cote d'Ivoire
16. Guinea Bissau
26. North Korea
30. Sri Lanka
At the lower end of the Index:
154. Czech Republic
156. South Korea
159. United States
161. United Kingdom
173. New Zealand
Millions of documents are analysed every year, and by applying highly specialised search parameters, scores are apportioned for every country based on twelve key political, social and economic indicators and over 100 sub-indicators.
The twelve indicators which constitute the Index are:
Social and Economic Indicators
1. Demographic Pressures
2. Refugees and IDPs
3. Uneven Economic Development
4. Group Grievance (this includes pressures and measures related to ethnic, communal, sectarian and religious violence)
5. Human Flight and Brain Drain
6. Poverty and Economic Decline
Political and Military Indicators
7. State Legitimacy
8. Public Services
9. Human Rights and Rule of Law (this includes pressures and measures on human trafficking, civil liberties and religious persecution)
10. Security Apparatus
11. Factionalised Elites
12. External Intervention
You can read more on the Fragile States Index here.
This article summarises an external report, and is not to be taken as the view of the Tony Blair Faith Foundation.
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