Global Extremism in August 2016
30 Sep 2016
At least 3,472 people were killed in incidents relating to violent extremism in 27 countries in August, according to the Global Extremism Monitor.
The Global Extremism Monitor tracks violent religious extremism, and state responses to it, worldwide. This update gives a snapshot of key incidents recorded in August 2016, a month that included attacks in Yemen and Pakistan, airstrikes against ISIS in Sirte, and joint security efforts in South East Asia.
- Global fatalities in August included 1,669 religious extremists and 429 members of security forces. Some 1,153 civilians lost their lives in incidents relating to violent extremism and measures to counter it. At least 880 were killed in extremist violence.
- The Middle East and North Africa had the highest number of global fatalities in August, making up 60 per cent of the total. Sub-Saharan Africa, the second highest, accounted for 22 per cent. Central and South Asia was third with 17 per cent.
- When it comes to civilian fatalities, the Middle East and North Africa accounted for 79 per cent. The next highest was sub-Saharan Africa with 13 per cent. Central and South Asia accounted for eight per cent.
- Afghanistan, Somalia, Libya, Yemen, and Iraq were the deadliest countries for security forces in the month. Overall, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen, and Nigeria were the countries that experienced the most fatalities.
- At least 27 active extremist groups instigated 240 violent incidents in August. Of these groups, ISIS in Iraq and Syria, al-Shabaab, ISIS in Libya, and the Taliban caused the most deaths.
- The Monitor recorded at least 518 state (including military activity, statements, diplomacy, arrests, and reports) and non-state counter-extremism incidents in August compared to 469 in July.
- Libya, 1 August: American warplanes carried out strikes on ISIS in Sirte, assisting the pro-government military offensive for the first time since February.
- Iraq, 7 August: Iraqi security forces killed 104 ISIS militants south of Qayara while repelling a large-scale attack.
- Iraq, 5 August: ISIS militants killed 85 civilians in Hawija district, kidnapping hundreds more.
- Yemen, 29 August: Seventy-one people were killed when an ISIS suicide car bomber attacked a military recruitment centre in Aden.
- Syria, 30 August: ISIS announced that senior militant Abu Mohammad al-Adnani had been killed. Washington confirmed coalition airstrikes had targeted militants in the town of al-Bab.
- Nigeria, 3 August: ISIS named Abu Musab al-Barnawi as new leader of Boko Haram, and the group's elusive (and now disputed) leader, Abubakar Shekau, went on to claim he still retained authority.
- Somalia, 29 August: A military commander claimed hundreds of al-Shabaab fighters had secretly entered the capital, Mogadishu, ahead of upcoming elections.
- Pakistan, 8 August: ISIS and Jamaat-ul-Ahrar both claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing at a Quetta hospital, which left 70 people dead and 120 wounded.
- Afghanistan, 9 August: The Taliban promised to "eliminate" ISIS in Afghanistan. The comments followed reports ISIS and the Taliban had allegedly agreed a patchwork ceasefire.
- Pakistan, 28 August: Saudi Arabia and Pakistan said they would redouble efforts to fight ISIS.
- Indonesia, 3 August: Defence ministers from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia signed a joint patrol agreement against Abu Sayyaf, allowing maritime forces to cross national boundaries while pursuing the Islamist militant group.
- Philippines, 30 August: Abu Sayyaf killed at least 15 soldiers, beheading two, during ongoing military offensives against the group.
- Belgium, 6 August: ISIS said that the perpetrator of a stabbing attack in Charleroi, which wounded two police officers, was one of the group's soldiers.
- Germany, 11 August: The government announced counter -terror proposals, including revoking German citizenship from dual nationals who go to fight with jihadi groups in the Middle East.