Global Extremism in July 2016
30 Aug 2016
At least 3,460 people were killed in incidents relating to violent extremism in 26 countries in July, according to the Global Extremism Monitor.
The Global Extremism Monitor tracks violent religious extremism, and state responses to it, worldwide. This update gives a snapshot of key incidents recorded in July 2016, a month marred by major Islamist extremist attacks in France, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.
- At least 3,460 people were killed in incidents relating to violent extremism in 26 countries. The fatalities included 1,214 religious extremists and 616 members of security forces. Some 1,523 civilians lost their lives in violent extremism and measures to counter it. The vast majority – 1,153 – were killed in extremist violence.
- The Middle East and North Africa accounted for 64 per cent of global fatalities. Central and South Asia, the second highest, accounted for 17 per cent of the global total, sub-Saharan Africa was third with 16 per cent.
- The following countries experienced the most violent extremism in July: Iraq, Somalia, Syria, Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Yemen.
- Of 32 active extremist groups, ISIS in Iraq and Syria, al-Shabaab, and Boko Haram caused the most deaths.
- The Monitor recorded 469 state and non-state counter-extremism incidents in July, compared to 210 acts of violent extremism.
- Iraq, 3 July: A suicide truck bomb killed at least 324 civilians in a Baghdad shopping district. Minutes later, a roadside bomb killed five more. ISIS claimed responsibility.
- Libya, 4 July: Forces loyal to the UN-backed government, supported by US-led airstrikes, captured Sirte city centre from ISIS control. At least 50 ISIS militants and 25 pro-government fighters were killed.
- Syria, 21 July: Syrian regime strikes killed some 51 civilians, including 15 children, in rebel-held areas of the country. At least 15 of those killed were in east Aleppo.
- Iraq, 27 July: Twin suicide bombings in Qamishli killed at least 50 people.
- Somalia, 1 July: Al-Shabaab attacked a Mogadishu hotel, killing fifteen, including two lawmakers.
- Nigeria, 28 July: The l ast town held by Boko Haram in Borno state was recaptured, according to the Nigerian army.
- Mauritania, 26 July: Impacts of terrorism and approaches to countering it topped the agenda of the Arab League summit.
- Bangladesh, 1 July: Attackers held hostages and killed 24 people in a Dhaka cafe. Five of the six militants were killed. ISIS claimed responsibility, but authorities blamed Islamist militant group Jamatul Mujahideen Bangladesh.
- Afghanistan, 7 July: President Ashraf Ghani told security services to eliminate the income sources of the Taliban, ISIS, and other terror networks.
- Afghanistan, 23 July: At least 80 people were killed when suicide bombers detonated at a Shia protest in Kabul. It was ISIS' largest attack in Afghanistan to date. Security forces said 122 ISIS fighters were killed in subsequent operations.
- Indonesia, 19 July: Indonesia's most wanted militant, Santoso, also known as Abu Wardah, was killed by security forces. Wardah was the first Indonesian militant leader to pledge allegiance to ISIS.
- Philippines, 19 July: Officials confirmed that Abu Sayyaf kidnapped five Malaysian men.
- Philippines, 28 July: President-elect Rodrigo Duterte's army chief said there would be no respite against Abu Sayyaf, claiming the military has enough resources to wage a 24/7 fight.
- France, 14 July: A lorry was driven into crowds in Nice on Bastille Day. Eighty-six people were killed and 434 others wounded. ISIS claimed the attacker was a one of its 'soldiers.'
- Germany, 20 July: Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said Germany should be prepared for further attacks instigated by small groups and radicalised 'lone wolves.'
- Russia, 29 July: US Secretary of State John Kerry visited Moscow to discuss increased cooperation with Russia in the fight against ISIS in Syria.
- United States, 11 July: The US Defence Secretary announced an additional 560 troops would be deployed to Iraq for the anti-ISIS operation in Mosul. The new additions meanthere will be 5,000 US troops in Iraq.
- United States, 11 July: The US government announced that ISIS' Twitter traffic has fallen by 45 per cent over the last two years. The Obama administration and its allies have been countering radical Islamist ideology online.