Global Extremism in September 2016
30 Oct 2016
At least 3,274 people were killed in incidents relating to violent extremism in 26 countries in July, according to the Global Extremism Monitor.
The Global Extremism Monitor tracks violent religious extremism, and state responses to it, worldwide. This update gives a snapshot of key incidents recorded in September 2016, a month that saw major Taliban offensives in Afghanistan and ISIS attacks in Iraq killing hundreds of civilians.
- At least 3,274 people were killed in incidents relating to violent extremism in 26 countries. The fatalities included 1,577 religious extremists and 596 members of security forces. Some 982 civilians lost their lives in violent extremism and measures to counter it, a 15 per cent decrease in comparison to August. The majority – 618 – were killed in extremist violence.
- The Middle East and North Africa accounted for 62 per cent of global fatalities. Sub-Saharan Africa, the second highest, accounted for 20 per cent of the global total, while Central and South Asia was third with 17 per cent.
- The following countries experienced the most violent extremism in September: Somalia, Iraq, Nigeria, Syria, and Afghanistan.
- Overall, the deadliest countries in September were: Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen, and Nigeria.
- Of 31 active extremist groups, ISIS in Iraq and Syria, Boko Haram, and the Taliban caused the most deaths.
- The Monitor recorded 490 state (including military activity, statements, arrests, and more) and non-state counter-extremism incidents in September compared to 208 acts of violent extremism.
- Iraq, 14 September: At least 100 ISIS militants were killed when Iraqi forces repelled an attack in Anbar province. In one of ISIS' heaviest attacks, police reported the use of at least five suicide car bombs.
- Iraq, 23 September: The US confirmed that a suspected chemical weapon, launched by ISIS at American soldiers in Qayara on 20 September, did contain a "sulphur-mustard blister agent." No one was harmed in the attack.
- Iraq, 26 September: ISIS executed at least 75 prisoners in Mosul on charges of treason.
- Syria, 19 September: The Kremlin accused the US-led anti-ISIS coalition of killing dozens of Syrians soldiers in Deir ez-Zor. The Assad regime claimed the death toll was 62. Washington said the strikes were targeting ISIS.
- Turkey, 26 September: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he wanted the Turkish army to help the US push ISIS from its Syrian stronghold of Raqqa, as long as Kurdish forces did not participate in the offensive.
- Somalia, 12 September: President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud today reiterated his offer of a pardon to those renouncing the al-Qaeda affiliated al-Shabaab. He said militants should return to their communities to help rebuild the country.
- Nigeria, 19 September: The Nigerian army said 566 people had been rescued, including 355 infants, from several Boko Haram camps in Borno state. The rescued hostages were reportedly taken to a rehabilitation center run in partnership with UNICEF.
- Nigeria, 20 September: Scores of Boko Haram militants were killed in clashes with the Nigerian military. The ISIS affiliate claimed to have killed 40 soldiers.
- Afghanistan, 5 September: A double suicide bombing killed at least 58 people near the Defence Ministry in Kabul. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
- Afghanistan, 8 September: Afghan security forces countered a Taliban offensive in the surrounding areas of Uruzgan's provincial capital. Over 100 Taliban militants were killed.
- Pakistan, 9 September: A suicide attack during Friday prayers at a mosque in Pakistan's tribal region killed at least 25 people. Pakistani Taliban splinter group Jamaat ul-Ahrar claimed responsibility.
- Bangladesh, 21 September: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina urged states at the United Nations General Assembly in New York to uproot militancy and terrorism and plug the sources of funds, arms, and ammunition, as well as moral and material support to militants and terrorists.
- Philippines, 2 September: The government announced that additional troops would be deployed into Sulu province to fight Abu Sayyaf, taking the number of soldiers in the area to roughly 9,000. Meanwhile, Abu Sayyaf announced it was prepared for the "last war" and had "more than 1,000 forces to do a jihad."
- Philippines, 2 September: At least 14 people were killed, and 70 more wounded, in a bombing at Davao market. The attack was initially claimed by Abu Sayyaf, but the group later said the assault was carried out by an allied gang.
- Malaysia, 26 September: Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman advised the UN General Assembly to counter ISIS' ability to radicalise Muslims. "In confronting this threat, we must provide counter-narratives to their [ISIS] misguided teachings of Islam," he said.
- France, 1 September: France opened its first deradicalisation centre in the north-east. The centre will help young males aged between 18 and 30 deemed vulnerable to radicalisation.
- United Kingdom, 6 September: Notorious Islamist propagandist Anjem Choudary was sentenced to five-and-a-half years in prison for supporting ISIS.
- Netherlands, 28 September: Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi, an Islamist militant from Mali, was sentenced by the International Criminal Court to nine years in prison for his part in the destruction of heritage sites in Timbuktu.
- United States, 18 September: ISIS claimed responsibility for a Minnesota mall stabbing attack that left nine people wounded. According to an ISIS-linked news agency, the perpetrator was a "soldier of the Islamic state."
- United States, 21 September: The State Department announced that Jund al-Aqsa, a hardline Islamist group operating in Syria, has been added to the US list of designated global terrorist organisations. The statement said Jund al-Aqsa had been part of former al-Qaeda affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra, renamed Jabhat Fatah al-Sham.