Record Numbers of Internally Displaced People by Conflict

Report

Record Numbers of Internally Displaced People by Conflict

22 May 2014

A recent report - Global Overview 2014 - finds for the second year running a record number of internally displaced people - over 33 million by the end of 2013.

The  Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), provides information and analysis on internal displacement. This latest report was released on 14 May 2014, and looks at people internally displaced by international and internal armed conflict. 

Key Findings

Record Internal Displacement

  • At the end of 2013, there were at least 33.3 million people internally displaced by armed conflict, generalised violence and human rights violations in the world. This figure represents a 16% increase compared with 2012, and is a record high for the second year running.
  • In 2013, IDMC marked its 15th year of monitoring internal displacement across the globe. While there were 19.3 million internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide in 1998, this past decade has shown a longer-term upward trend from around 25 million in 2001.

Internal Displacement per Region

  • As of the end of 2013, sub-Saharan Africa had the largest total number of IDPs (12.5 million) followed by the Middle East and north Africa (9.1 million).
  • 63% of all IDPs globally come from just five countries affected by conflict: Syria, Colombia, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sudan.
  • Around 8.2 million people were newly displaced in 2013, an increase by 24% compared with 2012.
  • 78% of all those newly displaced in 2013 came from just five countries affected by conflict: Syria, DRC, the Central African Republic (CAR), Nigeria and Sudan.

Middle East and North Africa

  • There were over 9.1 million IDPs in the Middle East and north Africa region at the end of 2013.
  • Syria surpassed Colombia this year as the country with the highest total number of IDPs, with a total 6.5 million people internally displaced as of the end of 2013.
  • In terms of new displacement, Syria accounted for 43% of new displacements worldwide in the year. Just over 3.5 million people were forced to flee their homes in the region in 2013, a 39% increase compared with 2012.
  • Syrian citizens continue to bear the brunt of the escalating hostilities, and faced indiscriminate attacks by all parties to the conflict that included government airstrikes on displacement camps in the north.
  • In Iraq, ongoing sectarian violence newly displaced nearly 11,800 people in the year, and new displacements were also reported in Palestine and Yemen.

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • With more than 12.5 million IDPs in 21 countries at the end of 2013, sub-Saharan Africa remained the region with the largest number of IDPs.
  • As in previous years, DRC's total displaced population remained at nearly 3 million.
  • Nigerian authorities published official figures for the first time this year, and put the number of IDPs in the country at 3.3 million.
  • Just over 3.7 million people were newly displaced in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013, which represents a 55 % increase from 2012.
  • As many as 1 million people fled inter-communal violence, land disputes and violence by state and non-state armed groups in DRC.
  • The crisis in CAR escalated from March to December following a coup by the predominantly Muslim armed coalition Séléka, displacing around 935,000 people during the year.
  • An increase in attacks by the Islamist armed group Boko Haram, heavy handed counter insurgency operations and ongoing inter-communal violence triggered the displacement of at least 470,500 people in Nigeria in 2013, while in Sudan 470,000 were newly displaced.

South and South-East Asia

  • The number of IDPs in south and south-east Asia fell for the third year running, leaving at least 3.2 million people displaced as of the end of 2013.
  • The region's IDPs were concentrated in seven countries – Pakistan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, India, the Philippines, Indonesia and Sri Lanka.
  • The number of new displacements in south and south-east Asia fell by almost half, from 1.4 million in 2012 to 712,000 in 2013.
  • Fewer people fled their homes in India and large-scale returns took place in north-west Pakistan, where the number of newly registered IDPs fell by two-thirds.
  • Armed conflict and generalised violence displaced people in the Philippines, Pakistan and Afghanistan, which together accounted for more than 80% of new displacement in the region.

The Americas

  • By the end of 2013, at least 6.3 million people were internally displaced in the Americas.
  • The vast majority were in Colombia, where the figure has increased consistently over a ten-year period and now stands at 5.7 million. The country's protracted conflict is the main cause of displacement, but spreading criminal violence has also forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes across the region including in Mexico and Honduras.
  • The number of people newly displaced fell by around 23% in the region, from 230,000 in 2012 to 176,900 in 2013.
  • Most new displacement took place in Colombia. The government has been in peace talks with the FARC since 2012, but in the absence of a ceasefire civilians in rural areas continue to suffer the ravages of the conflict.
  • In Mexico, the activities of criminal groups, and large-scale military operations against them, also forced people from their homes.

Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia

  • There were still at least 2.2 million IDPs in Europe, the Caucasus and central Asia.
  • The figure is the lowest of the five regions IDMC covers for the seventh consecutive year, but with many people having fled their homes more than 20 years ago, the protracted nature of displacement there remains a major challenge.
  • No new displacement was reported in Europe, the Caucasus or central Asia in 2013.

You can find read more on the 'Global Overview 2014' from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre here.

 

This article summarises an external report, and is not to be taken as the view of the Tony Blair Faith Foundation. 

Sign up to receive the Roundup

Sign up to our Centre on Religion & Geopolitics Roundup to receive weekly updates with the latest commentary, analysis and news on the role of religion in conflict zones. Sign up here.