Afghanistan's Insurgency after the Transition
16 Jun 2014
The International Crisis Group (ICG), an independent non-governmental organisation committed to preventing and resolving conflict situations, published a report on 12 May 2014 - 'Afghanistan's Insurgency after the Transition'. The report looks at the challenges that remain in the country to overcome insurgents and making key recommendations to key parties involved.
The report looks at a new phase in the Afghanistan war, which it now says is increasingly a contest between the insurgents and the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). It also analyses in detail the situation in four provinces: Faryab, Kunar, Paktia and Kandahar.
- The insurgents' growing attacks in the absence of foreign troops stretch the capacities of the Afghan security forces. If vested with a strong electoral mandate, a post-election, post-transition government would have better prospects for reviving peace talks. The insurgents may also be willing to talk seriously after testing the state's military strength once international forces have left.
- Current plans to support Afghan forces are insufficient. Donors should go beyond commitments made at their Chicago 2012 summit and provide funding that ensures retaining approximately the current ANSF numbers until stability improves. Further support is needed to help with logistics, mobility, air support, intelligence, communications and specialist training.
- The new Afghan president to be elected in June should sign a Bilateral Security Agreement with the U.S. and a Status of Forces Agreement with NATO for a modest continued presence of foreign troops after the NATO mandate expires in December. The new government should also take urgent steps to reduce casualties among Afghan forces and strengthen anti-corruption measures to ensure that security personnel receive salaries, ammunition, fuel and other basic requirements.
- Such immediate action on military issues will buy time for Afghanistan, with international support, to resolve challenges that will be decisive for the country's long-term stability, including ethnic and social grievances, political inclusiveness, economic concerns, unemployment and weak rule of law.
You can read more on the ICG report here.
This article summarises an external report, and is not to be taken as the view of the Tony Blair Faith Foundation.
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